This document presents the Smart City Donostia 2016-2020 Strategy and Action Plan, which meets two main objectives: The First one to establish a strategic line with shared objectives, and the Second one to give coherence and coordination to public actuation, capitalizing all actions carried out by the different municipal departments and public agencies.
The starting point for the strategy and action plan is the work developed in the last few years around the concept of Smart City in San Sebastian. The document will show the city´s wide experience in specific areas developed by different Departments and Municipal agencies, which have warranted several national and international recognitions to the city, i.e., San Sebastian has been for many years among the top five smartest Spanish cities in the IDC index, it obtained the sustainable transport Civitas award in 2012, the "Innovative city of the future" in 2014, the City of Science and Innovation award in 2010, and it will be European Capital of Culture 2016. Therefore, the process is not starting from scratch as there is a significant prior experience.
The document will also draw on European policies that set the main lines of work through grant funding, which represents an opportunity for the city itself. Both in terms of Smart Cities and smart specialization, Europe is increasingly encouraging cities to lead the transformation process in order to achieve a more sustainable society and with a better quality of life.
Within this framework, we have defined the priority areas of work based on the main European aims of work for a Smart City:
1. Use of other resources
- Improvement of the water distribution network
- Water Management. Sustainable drainage and reduction of wastewater generation
- Reduction of water consumption
- Optimization of waste management
- Adaptation to Climate change
- Polygeneration and distributed generation
- Participation in the generation, distribution and commercialization of energy
- Development of close to zero energy consumption districts
- Modeling and efficiency in municipal facilities
3. Sustainable Urban Mobility
- Transport electrification
- Smart mobility
- Intelligent transportation infrastructure
4. Integrating Technologies (Applied ICTs)
- Interoperability platforms
- ICT Infrastructure
- Development of Smart and connected cities and supply of services and content
- Open Data platform
5. Smart and Open Government
- Open Government (citizens’ empowerment)
- Creativity and Social Innovation
- Smart Government
- Smart Specialization Strategies
6. Smart Living
- Healthy environment & Active ageing
These are the principal areas of work in a 2016-2030 time horizon, which are complementary with other working projects and aims of the city. It is expected that this complementarity will enhance the interdepartmental coordination and exploitation of synergies that may result from this process.
Therefore, this document proposes a specific model of interdepartmental coordination that allows, in the first place, all the different Departments and Municipal Corporations to share their knowledge, avoiding conflict of interests, and making it easier to obtain EU, statewide or regional grants, and secondly, to consolidate the leadership of the City Council in the interaction of social partners with the private sector and to establish a recognizable “Smart City Donostia” brand in Europe.
New structures that may complicate the current operating procedures of the City Council have not been considered. This proposal is based on previous work, with suggested improvements where they could lead to a greater effort of coordination. It also takes advantage of the current effort developed together with the citizenship, as, in the end, it is to them whom the model must ensure an effective response. This is, therefore, a model that is fed by the citizens' proposals, and which is developed based on the advisory councils where the municipal, institutional, business, social and political presence of the city is combined. The model foresees a specific unit for evaluating the provided proposals and also to propose new challenges with the aim of forming working groups to develop new projects and strategies.
The document has been drafted by Fomento de San Sebastián with the collaboration of Presidencia as coordinator of the municipal departments. In November 2013 questionnaires were sent to the City Departments and municipal agencies in order to capture both the projects executed or under development in the Smart Project area. They were also asked to put forward the goals and vision of the city from their own perspective. The information gathered has provided a basis to define the main lines outlined in this document.
Moreover, we have established three working groups that have defined, in different sessions, the major projects included in this document. Altogether, 185 people from different public and private entities have participated as set out in Annex III.
We seize this opportunity to acknowledge the contribution and support of Tecnalia in preparing and drafting this document as the backbone of the Smart Plan to be developed under the STEEP project.